The prominent figures on this list of the most well-known Abstract Artists revolutionized what could be referred to as “art,” frequently developing novel techniques in the process. The average observer may find abstract paintings to be daunting, confusing, or even unwelcome, as they were at first.
The abstract artists combined surrealism and abstraction in their works, and by rejecting more conventional representational painting, they opened the path for what we now understand as contemporary art along with art prints.
Renowned abstract painters
1. Joan Miro
At the young age of seven, Spanish artist Joan Miro, born in 1893, began to draw.
He attended business school when he was younger but dropped out after having a mental breakdown.
Instead, he studied art and attended an art school. His first solo exhibition took place in 1918, despite the fact that his contemporaries vandalized and mocked it. Later, he relocated to Paris, where he established a profession that was only marginally successful.
The Spanish artist produced a great deal of work in his senior years before his away in 1983 from heart failure.
Miro disapproved of the bourgeois society’s traditional art forms. In his mature years, he created “automatic sketching,” which enabled him to discard the techniques he had previously mastered.
He possessed an avant-garde, hard-edged aesthetic that influenced early modern art. He is renowned for his interest in the unconscious and subconscious mind and for his illustrations of sexual symbolism.
2. Wassily Kandinsky
Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky, who was born in Moscow in 1866, is regarded as the father of abstract art. Kandinsky thrived at art school because he thought it was simple, even though he started studying painting at the age of thirty after giving up a job in law and economics.
He participated in the creation of the Moscow Art Culture Museum after the Russian Revolution, started learning about art theory, and published a number of theoretical works over the course of his lifetime.
He relocated to France toward the end of his life, where he produced some of his most well-known works up to his passing in 1944.
Kandinsky believed that there was a relationship between his art and spirituality, which is why biblical stories were frequently shown in his paintings.
His most well-known series, Compositions, was created with the intention of inspiring viewers’ sense of religiosity.
He believed that music was the best teacher and, being a synesthete, frequently took inspiration from music for his paintings, albeit Monet’s style also had a significant impact on his work.
3. Piet Mondrian
Dutch artist Piet Mondrian was a pioneer of abstract art. He was born in 1872. His early paintings were in a figurative manner, but he soon switched to an extreme abstract approach, creating paintings that exclusively contained geometric shapes.
As an adult, he primarily produced paintings of squares and lines in solid colours. Although he did not depict religious characters, he drew inspiration for his paintings from the natural and spiritual worlds.
Mondrian, a painter’s son, learned to draw from his father as a young child. He trained as a teacher as an adult, drawing very sometimes before relocating to Paris and changing his identity.
He didn’t start embracing abstract art until after World War I, when he leaned more toward his grid painting approach.
He carried on painting throughout his lifetime, relocating to numerous locations all over the world, until his death from pneumonia in 1944 in New York City.
4. Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock, who was born in Wyoming in 1912, relocated to New York City when he was eighteen years old to enroll in the Art Students League to study under Thomas Hart Benton, who had minimal impact on Pollock’s style.
He was drawn to David Alfaro Siqueiros’ experimental workshop because he was inspired by Mexican muralists, and there he learned about liquid paint techniques.
He later refined this into the drip technique, where he laid canvases horizontally and painted from various angles with his entire body. He became immensely well-known at the time because of his works in this genre.
In an effort to combine abstraction with figures, Pollock gave up drip painting at the height of his success.
None of these paintings ever sold because they were so unpopular. Pollock, who struggled with alcoholism his whole adult life, passed away while driving under the influence in 1956 at the age of 44.